Status Gizi, Aktivitas Fisik dan Asupan Serat Berhubungan dengan Kadar Gula Darah Puasa Penderita DM Tipe 2

  • Mia Audina Poltekkes Kemenkes Bengkulu
  • Tonny Cortis Maigoda
  • Tetes Wahyu W
Keywords: Nutritional Status, Physical activity, Fiber intake, GDP

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship among nutritional status, activity physical and intake fiber with levels sugar blood fasting on type 2 DM patients in Puskesmas Pasar Ikan of Bengkulu city. Cross-sectional design is used in this research . The subject in research  is 33 respondents who have diagnosed DM type 2 by health providers that fulfills criteria inclusion. Collecting data was done by using anthropometrical measurements, interviews structured with PAL, SQ-FFQ. Blood sample was taken by using  electro based biosensor system and  Easy Touch tool. The statistic analysis was done by  Correlation test. This research showed that there was no  relationship between blood glucose level in fasting with  nutritional status  (p = 0.748) . There was a relationship activity physical with GDP (p = 0.029) with negative  patterned  r = -0.379. There was relationship between  fiber intake  with  GDP (p = 0.039) with negative patterned  r = -0.362. There was a significant relationship between physical activity, fiber intake with the fasting blood sugar levels on  patients with DM type 2

References

Abdurrachim, R. (2017). Fiber intake and physical excercise contributed to blood glucose level in outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics, 5(2), 65–75. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2017.5(2).65-75

Adnan, M., Mulyati, T., & Isworo, J. T. (2013). Hubungan Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) Dengan Kadar Gula Darah Penderita Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Tipe 2 Rawat Jalan Di RS Tugurejo Semarang. Jurnal Gizi Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, 2(April), 18–25. Retrieved from jurnal.unimus.ac.id/index.php/psn12012010/article/download/522/571

Amanina, A., Raharjo, B., & Setyo, F. (2015). Hubungan Asupan Karbohidrat dan Serat dengan Kejadian DM Tipe II di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Purwosari. Naskah Publikasi, 1–12. Retrieved from http://eprints.ums.ac.id/37865/1/naskah publikasi baru 2.pdf

Astiti, A. P., & Dwipayana, M. P. (2018). Hubungan indeks massa tubuh ( IMT ) dengan kadar gula darah puasa pada siswa sekolah menengah atas ( SMA ) Negeri di wilayah Denpasar Utara. E-Jurnal Medika Udayana, 7(3), 95–98. Retrieved from http://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/eum

Balitbang Kemenkes RI. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar RISKESDAS 2013. Jakarta.
Bintanah, S., & Handarsari, E. (2012). Asupan Serat dengan Kadar Gula Darah, Kadar Kolesterol Total dan Status Gizi Pada Pasien Diabetus Mellitus Tipe 2 Di Rumah Sakit Roemani Semarang. LPPM UNIMUS, 1, 289–297. Retrieved from jurnal.unimus.ac.id/index.php/psn12012010/article/download/522/571

Caballero, B., Allen, L., & Prentice, A. (2005). ENCYCLOPEDIA OF HUMAN NUTRITION (second edi). Elsevier Academic Press.

Chen, C., Nye, Zeng, Y., Xu, J., Zheng, H., Liu, J., … Wang, J. (2016). Therapeutic effects of soluble dietary fiber consumption on type 2 diabetes mellitus. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 12(2), 1232–1242. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2016.3377

Dalawa, F. N., Kepel, B., & Hamel, R. (2013). Hubungan Antara Status Gizi dengan Kadar Gula Darah Puasa pada Masyarakat Kelurahan Bahu Kecamatan Malalayang Manado. Ejournal Keperawatan (E-Kp), 1(1), 1–8. Retrieved from https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/jkp/article/view/2181/1739

Departemen Kesehatan RI. (2008). Petunjuk Teknis Pengukuran Faktor Risiko Diabetes Melitus. Jakarta. Retrieved from https://agus34drajat.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/petunjuk-teknis-pengukuran-faktor-resiko-diabetes-militus_2008.pdf

Fitri, R., & Wirawanni, Y. (2014). Hubungan Konsumsi Karbohidrat, Konsumsi Total Energi, Konsumsi Serat, Beban Glikemik dan Latihan Jasmani Dengan Kadar Glukosa Darah Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2. Journal Nutrition and Health, 2(3), 1–26. Retrieved from https://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/actanutrica/article/view/7079

IDF. (2017). IDF Diabetes Atlas Eighth edition (8th ed.). Retrieved from www.diabetesatlas.org

Nurayati, L., & Adriani, M. (2017). Hubungan Aktifitas Fisik dengan Kadar Gula Darah Puasa Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Association Between Physical Activity and Fasting Blood Glucose Among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients, 80–87. https://doi.org/10.20473/amnt.v1.i2.2017.80-87

Purwandari, H. (2014). Hubungan Obesitas Dengan Kadar Gula Darah Pada Karyawan Di Rs Tingkat Iv, 1(25), 65–72. Retrieved from http://journal.stikessatriabhakti.ac.id/index.php/JKSSBN/article/viewFile/17/11

Rahmy, H. A., Triyanti, & Sartika, R. A. D. (2015). Hubungan IMT, RLPP dan Riwayat Diabetes Pada Keluarga dengan Kadar Gula Darah Sewaktu Pada PNS. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Andalas, 9(1), 17–22. Retrieved from http://jurnal.fkm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jkma/

Sam, N., Lestari, H., & Afa, J. R. (2017). Analisis hubungan Activity of Daily Living (ADL), Aktivitas Fisik dan Kepatuhan Diet Terhadap Kadar Gula Darah Pasien Diabetes Melitus Di Wilayah Kerja Puskemas Poasia Tahun 2017, 2(7), 1–12.
Santoso, A. (2011). Serat Pangan (Dietary Fiber ) Dan Manfaatnya Bagi Kesehatan, (75), 35–40.

Siagian, R. A. (2004). Indeks Glikemik Pangan. Bogor: Penebar Swadaya.

Sudaryanto, A., Setiyadi, N. A., & Frankilawati, D. A. (2014). Hubungan Antara Pola Makan, Genetik dan Kebiasaan Olahraga Terhadap Kejadian Diabetes Melitus Tipe II Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Nusukan, Banjarmasin. Prosiding SNST Fakultas Teknik, 19–24. Retrieved from https: //www.publikasiilmiah.unwahas.ac.id/index.php/PROSIDING_SNST_FT/article/view/985

Susilowati, & Kuspriyanto. (2016). Gizi Dalam Daur Kehidupan (Satu). Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Trisnawati, S. K., & Setyorogo, S. (2013). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Diabetes Melitus Tipe II Di Puskesmas Kecamatan Cengkareng Jakarta Barat Tahun 2012. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 5(1), 6–11.

Utomo, A. Y. S. (2011). Hubungan Antara 4 Pilar Pengelolaan Diabetes Melitus dengan Keberhasilan Pengelolaan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2. Biochemistry.

Weickert, M. O., & Pfeiffer, A. F. H. (2008). Metabolic Effects of Dietary Fiber Consumption and Prevention of Diabetes 1, 439–442. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/138/3/439/4670214

Yu, K., Ke, M., Li, W., Zhang, S., & Fang, X. (2014). The impact of soluble dietary fibre on gastric emptying, postprandial blood glucose and insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 23(2), 210–218. https://doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.2014.23.2.01
Published
2018-09-28
How to Cite
Audina, M., Maigoda, T., & W, T. (2018). Status Gizi, Aktivitas Fisik dan Asupan Serat Berhubungan dengan Kadar Gula Darah Puasa Penderita DM Tipe 2. Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Kesehatan, 6(1), 59-71. https://doi.org/10.32668/jitek.v6i1.109
Section
Articles